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    讀難讀之書,思未想之事

    發布時間:2019-08-05 作者:喻發勝 來源:中國教育報

    拿到武漢大學新聞與傳播學院單波教授、肖勁草老師等著的《基于傳播問題的跨學科閱讀:“隨波逐流”讀書筆記》(以下簡稱《“隨波逐流”讀書筆記》),一下就被吸引住了。作為一名在新聞傳播教育戰線長期從事研究生教育及科研管理的成員,我更是從中讀到了對新聞傳播類研究生培養的寶貴啟示。

    近二十年來,新聞傳播類研究生教育取得長足發展,規模不斷擴大,但研究生學術能力的不足和學術思維的缺乏,也為大家所關注。《“隨波逐流”讀書筆記》至少在以下兩個方面提供了一個很好的實踐樣本。

    一是通過跨學科的閱讀探索跨學科的研究路徑。新聞傳播教育的內外環境均發生了巨變,有學者甚至稱之為“哥白尼式的革命”,同時隨著我國“新文科”建設的逐步落實與推進,新聞傳播類研究生教育必將整合計算機科學、工程學、心理學、社會學、語言學等“文”“理”“工”不同學科,打破傳統學科分類對思維訓練的規訓和對研究者的約束。但跨學科之難,高校中人相信早有體會。武漢大學“隨波逐流”讀書會倡導的跨學科閱讀也許提供了一個邊緣突破的“小徑”:改變觀念然后才能改變行動。

    二是為落實導師責任提供了一個“身教”大于言傳的鮮活案例。《莊子·天道》中曰:“語之所貴者意也,意有所隨。意之所隨者,不可以言傳也。”南朝宋范曄在《后漢書》一語道破:“以身教者從,以言教者訟。”“隨波逐流”讀書會將校內外的學者請到珞珈山,從具體的一本書出發,論及的卻是“什么樣的問題是值得研究的真問題”“如何構建自己的理論知識脈絡”等學術研究的大問題。學術能力和學術思維就在每個星期二夜晚的讀書會中得以逐步積累和不斷錘煉。讀書越多未必越孤單,但當我們的研究生在讀“難讀之書”時有人溫情陪伴、貼身指引,定可達事半功倍之效。

    研究生學習和自我管理主動性還不足等問題。《“隨波逐流”讀書筆記》總結了“作為交流的讀書”“體驗式閱讀”“詮釋性閱讀”“問題式閱讀”及“批判式閱讀”等七種讀書方式,希望這本書也能為克服上述研究生培養管理中出現的問題,尤其是提升新聞傳播類研究生培養質量提供思想“利器”。

    (作者系華中師范大學新聞傳播學院副院長、教授)

    《中國教育報》2019年08月05日第3版 

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