• <menu id="kiemg"><strong id="kiemg"></strong></menu>
  • <optgroup id="kiemg"></optgroup>
  • <nav id="kiemg"><code id="kiemg"></code></nav>
    <nav id="kiemg"><code id="kiemg"></code></nav>
    <xmp id="kiemg">
    <xmp id="kiemg"><nav id="kiemg"></nav>
  • <nav id="kiemg"><code id="kiemg"></code></nav>
    首頁>檢索頁>當前

    教師回應幼兒要“走心”

    發布時間:2019-08-04 作者:梅舒紅 張永英 來源:中國教育報

    教室里,小寶拿著幾片葉子看向教師:“老師,秋天里的葉子為什么不一樣啊?”“哦,是嗎?不一樣啊,葉子都是不一樣的。”老師看了一眼,繼續忙活起來。小寶默默地放下了葉子。

    意大利瑞吉歐教育理念告訴我們:“接過孩子拋過來的球,并拋還給孩子。”幼兒園教師每天都在對幼兒進行回應,這些回應有時是自然而然地發生的,有時是突然發生的,但經常都是教師對幼兒無意識、無目的的反應。幼兒常常在這種回應中喪失活動興趣和對事物的好奇心,這種回應可以被稱為“反應”或是“消極回應”。而有效回應是指:教師有意識發起的行為,在回應過程中有積極的情感,回應行為是基于、保持并以促進幼兒發展為目標的。那么,在真實教育情境下,教師究竟該如何進行有效回應呢?

        步驟一:共情觀察,情感回應

    教育行為追溯其本源,是基于對幼兒的觀察,懂得如何觀察幼兒,能夠理解幼兒,才有可能展開后續的回應行為。有效回應強調教師需要一種共情的觀察。蒙臺梭利同樣提出“擺脫先入為主的想法看待兒童”。這就要求教師擱置單方面的判斷,從成人視角中擺脫出來,與幼兒產生“共情”,觀察并發現幼兒在這個情境中遭遇了什么。回應行為的前提是共情的觀察,而回應的第一步往往是情感上的回應。美國教育思想家內爾·諾丁斯的關心理論中指出,關心者去關心他人,第一步是在感情上去接受對方,盡量體會他人的感受。建立這種關系的第一步就是通過肢體、表情、言語在情感上接納對方。情感回應可以幫助教師打開幼兒的心扉,從而為后續產生促進幼兒經驗發展的回應行為,提供具有信任感和安全感的關系基礎。

    小跳從書架上拿下一本書,她翻了幾頁,把書放下就跑出了圖書區。小周老師看到后,拉住小跳的手,微笑著說:“小跳,我看到你沒有把書及時放回書架,你是打算做什么嗎?”小跳回答:“哦,那本書破了,我要去美工區拿膠帶把它修好。”小周老師笑著說:“這樣啊,你想修補書的想法很好,去美工區拿工具吧!”小跳開心地走向美工區。

    遇到這種情境,有些教師往往采取直接把書合上放回書架,或對幼兒說“看你,書又忘記放好了”等回應方式。小周老師沒有直接用自己成人的視角對幼兒行為意義進行判斷——“她沒有及時放回圖書”,而是先了解幼兒的想法,并用微笑、拉住幼兒的小手、及時認可幼兒的行為等方式,對幼兒給予了情感上的鼓勵和支持,促進了幼兒更加主動去解決問題。

        步驟二:對照《指南》,識別行為

    有效回應不僅是情感上的回應,面對幼兒的問題情境或活動,教師還需要做到積極識別幼兒的行為。

    第一步是識別幼兒的興趣。通過觀察、發現幼兒正在做的有趣又有意義的事,教師會知道此刻為了促進學習,幼兒需要教師提供什么。這名幼兒是否在談話?如果是,或許教師可以為其介紹一個新的詞語。那名幼兒正在做因果關系的思考嗎?如果是,教師可以問:“你為何覺得那會發生?”

    第二步是識別幼兒的發展序列。教師需要透過興趣看到幼兒的發展序列,了解幼兒該方面的現有水平和可以達到的下一階段水平,從而提供與幼兒自身現有能力匹配的活動。《3—6歲兒童學習與發展指南》可以幫助教師初步了解不同年齡階段的幼兒在不同領域的發展序列,結合具體班級幼兒的特殊性,在最近發展區內提供指導。

    一個孩子把水杯碰翻了,水灑到地板上,有的老師會走過去說:“你怎么這么不小心啊,搞得一地都是。”也有的老師看見了,會立刻拿上“應急角”的工具小桶走過去,小桶里有毛巾、刷子、海綿吸等。

    接著,老師和藹地對幼兒說:“啊,沒關系,你看看這里哪一樣工具能幫助你。”于是幼兒嘗試了用毛巾、刷子,最后選擇用海綿吸把水擦干了。幼兒高興地告訴老師和小朋友,海綿吸最好用。老師表揚幼兒很能干,自己灑的水能自己擦干凈,也告訴幼兒以后要當心。

    我們很容易看出,后一位老師的回應可稱得上是有效回應。這位老師沒有認為“他太調皮了,又干了一件壞事”,而是站在幼兒的視角想到,“這個孩子打翻了水,他現在應該有些不安和無措”,并用溫和的表情和言語接納了幼兒的行為,告訴幼兒:犯了錯不可怕,能夠解決問題才是關鍵。“你看看這里哪一樣工具能幫助你。”看似不經意的一個提示,卻反映出教師經過了快速的識別過程。首先,教師需要識別到這里存在一個學習契機,可以發展幼兒解決問題的學習品質;然后,教師需要對照《指南》考慮該幼兒在該目標上的已有經驗和可以獲得的新經驗,在幼兒的最近發展區提供支持:讓幼兒可以不斷嘗試一個或多個想法,直到他成功解決一個簡單的問題。

        步驟三:因地制宜,采取策略

    有效回應基于教師共情的觀察與積極的識別,但最后還是要落實到一些具體的回應策略上。

    其一,有效的師幼互動。教師最常用的回應策略往往是語言上的回應。在師幼互動中,教師需要抓住幼兒的“閃光點”,增強幼兒的自信心,立足于幼兒的優勢,促進幼兒的發展。在回應幼兒時,教師應該有意識地進行高級言語示范,具體表現在:對話情境使用新詞語,豐富自己的提問方式,多采用開放式提問。

    其二,有意識的環境和材料。環境內容以幼兒的活動為主,可以是個別或小組幼兒的作品呈現,也可以是幼兒計劃、調整、實施的探究過程的呈現。過程性的環境能夠讓幼兒感受到教師的關注和認可,也能夠讓班級幼兒關注到其他幼兒正在進行的活動,得到一定的啟發。此外,材料的提供也需要注意是否能夠支持幼兒當前的活動,豐富不等于適宜,材料的種類和數量需要考慮幼兒目前的活動和興趣點。

    其三,從家長入手。家園溝通可以幫助教師全面了解幼兒,當幼兒在班級突然表現出某些異常行為或對某件事物的持續興趣時,教師需要及時和家長溝通,采取給家長發幼兒的作品照片、近況表現,或讓家長注意觀察幼兒的某些行為并適當記錄等方式,取得家長的配合,共同支持幼兒的發展。在這個過程中,家長也可以感受到教師對幼兒的關注和支持,從而進一步促進家園彼此間的信任和理解。

    (作者單位:南京師范大學教育科學學院)

    《中國教育報》2019年08月04日第2版 

    0 0 0 0
    分享到:0

    相關閱讀

    最新發布
    熱門標簽
    點擊排行
    熱點推薦

    工信部備案號:京ICP備05071141號

    互聯網新聞信息服務許可證 10120170024

    中國教育新聞網版權所有,未經書面授權禁止下載使用

    Copyright@2000-2019 www.qqyui.com All Rights Reserved.

    京公網安備 11010802025840號

    599彩票599彩票平台599彩票主页599彩票网站599彩票官网599彩票娱乐599彩票开户599彩票注册599彩票是真的吗599彩票登入599彩票快三599彩票时时彩599彩票手机app下载599彩票开奖 www.474u6.com | www.596531.com | www.350zf.com | www.8344666.com | www.37277.com | www.gu64.com | www.939357.com | www.66376v.com | www.hg882t.com | www.8507.com | www.061wy.com | www.451235.com | www.550194.com | www.883399e.com | www.934511.com | www.97655x.com | www.pj5508.com | www.138315.com | www.80767r.com | www.5319c.com | www.980771.com | www.01885q.com | www.63290y.com | www.068625.com | www.zb578.com | www.680358.com | www.365vip11.club | www.27363x.com | www.77803t.com | www.vip1484.com | www.548477.com | www.883399s.com | www.69005a.com | www.66ffb.com | www.cpzj22.com | www.50026f.com | www.75505g.com | www.038079.com | www.28837733.com | www.178397.com | www.4521c.com | www.508533.com | www.zb698.com | www.810629.com | www.13568923222.com | www.hao5689.com | www.3136552.com | www.xpj6.com | www.7605x.com | www.77451a.com | www.xjgf5.com | www.xy188.com | www.39499d.com | www.123msfl312299.com | www.hc3849.com | www.sss39838.com | www.wns123b.com | www.996732.com | www.c559999.cc | www.632590.com | www.mtkl474.com | www.bxcp3.com | www.626243.com | www.87668g.com | www.8205ff.com | www.81520g.com | www.56726x.com | www.9478x.com | www.500wxscp.com | www.76055c.com | www.000449.com | www.a1056680900.com | www.789199a.com | www.qq7868.com | www.902257.com | www.heji005.com | www.245568.com | www.88899a.com | www.50024m.com | www.670303.com | www.hr7888.com | www.67kk.com | www.hbcp0000.com | www.87668l.com | www.9411uu.cc | www.11fzc.com | www.324333.com | www.38200g.com | www.507477.com | www.260068.com | www.7793d.com | www.70767744.com | www.yh99972.com | www.216299.com | www.tt00558.com | www.3416s.com | www.79055.com | www.s678992.com | www.339713.com | www.yh888d.com | www.4189c.com | www.007458.com | www.js50299.com | www.33588g.com | www.yh328.com | www.ay8996.com | www.65707v.com | www.22113d.com | www.66300b.com | www.550241.com | www.91380.com | www.bd2019b.com | www.412688.com | www.89777e.com | www.15508b.com | www.318097.com | www.qpby600.com | www.5101oo.com | www.276666.com | www.n47479.com | www.33112f.com | www.889915.com | www.33880w.com | www.25688g.com | www.crckf.com | www.16181z.com | www.15355v.com | www.383121aa.com | www.vnsr2018a.com | www.288hc.com | www.832793.com | www.xpj4457.com | www.xh8012.com | www.068671.com | www.9988788.com | www.83335p.com | www.8499z.com | www.761996.com | www.9507.com | www.25288c.com | www.51515l.com | www.18kjz.com | www.903400.com | www.8473u.com | www.81233z.com | www.xh73333.com | www.hgw1777.com | www.428684.com | www.86267d.com | www.4158.cc | www.amjs19019.com | www.1593x.com | www.41518s.com | www.978231.com | www.88850n.com | www.73033222.com | www.8499r.com | www.355204.com | www.7384mmm.com | www.1434q.com | www.34345156.com | www.bxcp3.com | www.wcp666888.com | www.4694u.com | www.xlcp44.com | www.13983596866.com | www.53900d.com | www.336440.com | www.mh5999.com | www.91380.com | www.long8535.com | www.7415u.com | www.55228g.com | www.629813.com | www.wf49.com | www.9889js.com | www.38345u.com | www.u0686.com | www.gocp5.com | www.43818z.com | www.638262.com | www.32108.com | www.ydb2888.com | www.23699n.com | www.3333cyh.com | www.cll168.com | www.80767w.com | www.zuan222.com | www.xj697.com | www.55917hh.com | www.sqf88.com | www.15096106888.com | www.2373p.com | www.53900f.com | www.602891.com | www.32662.com | www.2371n.com | www.555-1cw.com | www.c7383.com | www.688sb.21.sb | www.126xc.com | www.50732f.com | www.81520z.com | www.500871.com | www.913812.com | www.075888.com | www.cccppp55.com | www.450373.com | www.j15ii.com | www.32668y.com | www.vip7710.com | www.p9611.com | www.q13979.com | www.73055z.com | www.08199oo.com | www.659zf.com | www.65707b.com | www.36166i.com | www.55885h.com | www.77803e.com | www.178725.com | www.380068.com | www.585808.com | www.673166.com | www.rcw456.com | www.912483.com | www.000128a.com | www.515234.com | www.6165.com | www.941194.com | www.927260.com | www.599519.com | www.tm995.com | www.cb88.cc | www.26131.com | www.7712.com | www.890992.com | www.941718.com | www.783090.com | www.755860.com | www.401286.com | www.262548.com | www.219055.com | www.138017.com | www.66621d.com | www.34788a.com | www.35918hh.com | www.50051b.com | www.3005w.com | www.078wy.com | www.qucp0.com | www.1516848.com | www.18181377593.com | www.954321i.com | www.js2901.com | www.pjgj005.com | www.88877x.com | www.9411pp.cc | www.p14333.com | www.66445144.com | www.3940.com | www.535121.com | www.106265.com | www.33588z.com | www.91091.cc | www.c9662.com | www.1123ii.com | www.222333yh.com | www.8577s.cc | www.47922o.com | www.svip1111.com | www.813770.com | www.257760.com | www.60007f.com | www.8499s.com | www.9848js.com | www.77vs88.com | www.kl8855.com | www.fucaiwang.biz | www.7384rrr.com | www.897957.com | www.106216.com | www.8499l.com | www.8473x.com | www.hgx20088.net | www.88850w48.com | www.4zjccp2.com | www.824980.com | www.171880.com | www.53539.cc | www.44889c.com | www.5130gz.com | www.302.com | www.633813.com | www.77803r.com | www.01885l.com | www.lehu0388.com | www.06088b.com | www.768639.com | www.89894x.com | www.c6093.com | www.hy8366.com | www.5593i.com | www.138bet.cm | www.98528f.com | www.5086k.com | www.954321f.com | www.902425.com | www.66325.com | www.155301.com | www.664by.com | www.565522e.com | www.8g.ag | www.755096.com | www.71233h.com | www.6bo777.com | www.bb888844.com | www.616777a.com | www.86267f.com | www.37377w.com | www.7708.com | www.23040.com | www.16878c.com | www.ww00228.com | www.7894.net | www.568565.com | www.3668aa.com | www.1388908.com | www.88837d.com | www.281877.com | www.01885i.com | www.88877z.com | www.78011b.com | www.57578j.com | www.30019ff.com | www.ly09.com | www.389844.com | www.fcff9.com | www.19019f.com | www.www599088.com | www.61233z.com | www.565522m.com | www.71580101.com | www.50064f.com | www.15906820942.com | www.84881e.com | www.wcp686.com | www.99069yy.com | www.112020.cc | www.607356.com | www.qucp4.com | www.4323n.com | www.575872.com | www.500yf.com | www.pj7686.com | www.903019.com | www.984jc.com | www.7681j.com | www.610560.com | www.xj9057.com | www.63290d.com | www.hcw823.com | www.17607966210.com | www.990060088.com | www.80065s.com | www.c5596666.com | www.666613a.com | www.7793aa.com | www.62383i.com | www.440343.com | www.ql17084133330.com | www.86087p.com | www.91233k.com | www.123888w.me | www.815807.com | www.7858pj.com | www.01885p.com | www.12455r.com | www.498798.com | www.739233.com | www.8473q.com | www.855999.com | www.60007k.com | www.22296bd.com | www.223075.com | www.h88911.com | www.443300a.com | www.8181xpj.com | www.8880088hg.com | www.12455x.com | www.8850w26.com | www.80065m.com | www.e3014.com | www.610958.com | www.66318g.bet | www.288789.com | www.ck5578.com | www.45689.com | www.2109w.com | www.y56222.com | www.32123b.com | www.abdwc02.com | www.26299r.com | www.yh5670.com | www.60123z.com | www.88899c.com | www.88266k.com | www.28837711.com | www.87668c.com | www.wns00.me | www.71399w.com | www.pj00002222.com | www.003851.com | www.7878010.com | www.235953.com | www.987588b.com | www.126309.com | www.le999a.com | www.68568g.com | www.337654.com | www.86267m.com | www.57155f.com | www.6832c.com | www.6132.com | www.71234n.com | www.www-04428.com | www.wwbet99.com | www.818827.com | www.hj7704.com | www.187380.com | www.xhtd2010.com | www.77114x.com | www.9830ww.com | www.fen00.com | www.662772b.com | www.xx60883300.com | www.679822.com | www.wt805.com | www.77803n.com | www.1114116.com | www.022gs.cc | www.5655.cc | www.1516dd.cc | www.115669.com | www.44117r.com | www.2373a.com | www.78966.cc | www.ph699.com | www.96386f.com | www.06387744.com | www.c4527.com | www.912193.com | www.long183.com | www.32123d.com | www.dxcp2222.com | www.amhg022.com | www.332092.com | www.xx00558.com | www.gai31.com | www.895544.com | www.j92bet.com | www.07929.cc | www.06q.com | www.zlh858.com | www.07163w.com | www.885444.com | www.153509.com | www.60007p.com | www.6h6h6h.com | www.vip7996.com | www.61233w.com | www.61982.net | www.811052.com | www.35918m.com | www.16149b.com | www.fu055.com | www.2632s.com | www.858899.com | www.1489e.com | www.hqcp5.com | www.610829.com | www.159666c.com | www.m7415.com | www.87668y.com | www.680ms450026.com | www.feicai0370.com | www.80065r.com | www.1353.com | www.8205ee.com | www.xpj2007.com | www.99788o.com | www.cp163.net | www.long59.com | www.987jc.com | www.524677.com | www.27123j.com | www.fhcp997.com | www.91954.com | www.715121.com | www.98777k.com | www.3075.dwj12.com | www.29277c.com | www.690477.com | www.18391122.com | www.js65s.com | www.930xj.com | www.313355.com | www.99p1.cc | www.tyccp95.com | www.hgyz4.com | www.50080d.com | www.013789.com | www.sjg006.com | www.35252n.com | www.3552l.com | www.371679.com | www.200068.com | www.988095.com | www.135520k.com | www.32123g.com | www.485689.com | www.375375i.com | www.zbb222.com | www.pj21866.com | www.595hc.com | www.89894e.com | www.hcw823.com | www.90lasi.com | www.wns66.me | www.57987b.com | www.66ffg.com | www.50026w.com | www.689744.com | www.147388.com | www.7894q.com | www.97799f.com | www.g7276.com | www.50054n.com | www.264499.com | www.331616a.com | www.dx2206.com | www.111102.com | www.69589d.com | www.caipiao33t.com | www.5095m.com | www.66598b.com | www.606930.com | www.608607.com | www.98777h.com | www.1434d.com | www.134445.com | www.pj0077.com | www.089wy.com | www.84499p.com | www.175969.com | www.685548.com | www.696222.com | www.g03337.com | www.22113f.com | www.65577r.com | www.13498.com | www.954321p.com | www.847818.com | www.cbw222.com | www.50788g.com | www.73166k.com | www.348116.com | www.711414.com | www.467ooa.com | www.ca9055.com | www.65858s.com | www.98777g.com | www.zcw44.cc | www.260068.com | www.425555a.com | www.p1554.com | www.m85844.com | www.4737000.com | www.1389ii.com | www.4289h.com | www.24777h.com | www.ascp5.com | www.277ak.com | www.8000hc.com | www.5091t.com | www.cll168.com | www.20995.cc | www.6364e.com | www.cll168.com | www.15355t.com | www.12455s.com | www.39500x.com | www.50080k.com | www.50024w.com | www.39957b.com | www.34788w.com | www.74972.com | www.45258.cc | www.022xz.cc | www.ybao4.com | www.hm3999.com | www.xpj825.com | www.373688.com | www.1123aa.com | www.9901885.com | www.7003pj.com | www.hg7175.cc | www.pj8881888.com | www.8399444.com | www.amjs19019.com | www.8205dd.com | www.366987.com | www.33336v.com | www.2371s.com | www.98tt.cc | www.702177.com | www.645411.com | www.303861.com | www.77210g.com | www.61233c.com | www.022sc.cc | www.1397002.com | www.q678992.com | www.h2665.com | www.19019o.com | www.399839.com | www.59677b.com | www.fl49.com | www.540477.com | www.73166c.com | www.33598j.com | www.jcai0.com | www.1600504760.com | www.yeer402111.com | www.9799cc.com | www.522556.com | www.123msfl312299.com | www.259369.com | www.397750.com | www.35918o.com | www.077wy.com | www.qq75188.com | www.lo918.com | www.yh888c.com | www.2222207.com | www.xcw866.com | www.257512.com | www.43818t.com | www.xpj668.com | www.h88839.com | www.cp9.cm | www.99002337.com | www.cp7777b.com | www.54400e.com | www.068wy.com | www.0018h.cc | www.6939u.com | www.6766030.com | www.810527.com | www.53900p.com | www.zch2.com | www.hy7566.com | www.990.com | www.87422.com | www.202434.com | www.3933h.cc | www.99178j.com | www.123fh9.com | www.88562.com | www.338017.com | www.6832g.com | www.pj21997.com | www.test111.com | www.cp163.com | www.303204.com | www.2109p.com | www.3899555.com | www.b57365.net | www.876365.com | www.60108r.com | www.348989.com | www.yh1272.com | www.9830xx.com | www.ywzuqiu.com | www.0014z.com | www.46311r.com | www.jc3122.com | www.631259.com | www.3005.am | www.h88853.com | www.71373338.com | www.514977.com | www.022gx.cc | www.lfa616.com | www.88110524.com | www.256238.com | www.hy5504.com | www.140606.com | www.6140aa.com | www.77801w.com | www.m7415.com | www.44117n.com | www.858899.com | www.5854w.cc | www.long8110.com | www.97138s.com | www.50732g.com | www.135520e.com | www.558718.com | www.yc7701.com | www.083wy.com | www.5585538.com | www.20kj.com | www.12455y.com | www.69589j.com | www.44xh888.com | www.43131d.com | www.99178j.com | www.504133.com | www.91233f.com | www.25288s.com | www.9055006.com | www.542116.com | www.ds33333.com | www.zdj85.com | www.866309.com | www.076wy.com | www.38135n.com | www.868176.com | www.zch4.com | www.88850w27.com | www.452812.com | www.vns008z.com | www.1869o.com | www.150882.com | www.882899.com | www.vns0990.net | www.21202l.com | www.lehu259.com | www.363203.com | www.55kcw.com | www.d1654.com | www.luck878.com | www.js889o.com | www.3868.com | www.84141.com | www.911000o.com | www.553028.com | www.wwbet99.com | www.hga8585.com | www.36166k.com | www.19128.com | www.610958.com | www.1593ooo.com | www.65757e.com | www.35918c.com | www.v99831.com | www.377613.com | www.348qinghai.com | www.d99.cc | www.074wy.com | www.22572233.com | www.41518j.com | www.8997z.com | www.560706.com | www.856057.com | www.06545.com | www.13czj.com | www.563010.com | www.60108d.com | www.4323k.com | www.95333w.com | www.long2266.com | www.596608.com | www.954321r.com | www.274777.com | www.00296767.com | www.19cp888.com | www.qmkl3.com | www.540035.com | www.126kc.com | www.190356.com | www.02022.com | www.55a71.com | www.91233q.com | www.10878.com | www.41518j.com | www.6668888h.com | www.106367.com | www.pjcp345.com | www.235952.com | www.73888vip.com | www.160886.com | www.0022co.com | www.86267a.com | www.1358777.com | www.66376m.com | www.yh1175.com | www.33112s.com | www.88850tt.com | www.80065s.com | www.79889m.com | www.6364a.com | www.007456k.com | www.hw52.com | www.972424.com | www.caipiao33w.com | www.980771.com | www.69111h.com | www.622207.com | www.7050aa.com | www.022175.com | www.test999.com | www.78949b.com | www.9830zz.com | www.081wy.com | www.ky1001.com | www.1123bb.com | www.769211.com | www.lehu6158.com | www.81520v.com | www.w626666.com | www.5441m.com | www.7384hhh.com | www.tlc5900.com | www.xinyc8.com | www.s2206.com | www.26878m.com | www.g9959.com | www.c229.com | www.954689.com | www.yt206.com | www.60007f.com | www.77075ee.com | www.cp718.com | www.816830.com | www.937130.com | www.78949g.com | www.0777vns.net | www.13908251600.com | www.580820.com | www.7707.cc | www.2632u.com | www.414424.com | www.hg345k.com | www.50052c.com | www.3978t.com | www.11115357.com | www.378016.com | www.ab6111.com | www.zg16.com | www.631799.com | www.99840o.com | www.528qx.com | www.107522.com | www.8411999.com | www.33997m.com | www.39458.com | www.k3ha.com | www.50026n.com | www.www.85886.la | www.long565.com | www.39500c.com | www.90456.com | www.055999a.com | www.9478y.com | www.4947000.com | www.q52266.com | www.88cmc.com | www.911888.com | www.yh123u.com | www.c1350.com | www.399140.com | www.47922j.com | www.js8903.vip | www.50088c.com | www.3222.cc | www.w1458.com | www.3416q.com | www.783309.com | www.bh889933.com | www.7860ii.com | www.60108i.com | www.3494.com | www.23699i.com | www.095wy.com | www.505680.com | www.55080r.com | www.dy210.com | www.50024h.com | www.768299.com | www.a5a4.cc | www.17671609880.com | www.35918k.com | www.bb8838.com | www.00829d.com | www.785977.com | www.60007k.com | www.7239.com | www.626920.com | www.2947385575.com | www.07163e.com | www.xinyc8.com | www.5368156.com | www.219016.com | www.9889hc.com | www.550247.com | www.91055z.com | www.yyc955.com | www.b66000.com | www.50024y.com | www.949403.com | www.0158890.com | www.801786.com | www.dao70.com | www.81678o.com | www.391641.com | www.73055p.com | www.hy9007.com | www.qmkl2.com | www.65707f.com | www.960106.com | www.55080a.com | www.4521a.com | www.3003346.com | www.77801p.com | www.585277.com | www.82ms3122r.com | www.7345q.com | www.69111a.com | www.8000hc.com | www.62118c.com | www.806721.com | www.83356w.com | www.js73800.com | www.35252t.com | www.yy63.com | www.43131n.com | www.599643.com | www.55786777.com | www.8848hg1.com | www.yq336.com | www.21819q.com | www.8499p.com | www.86267r.com | www.763659.com | www.vnsr99.com | www.33078444.com | www.sun76138.com | www.77009g.com | www.hr4888.com | www.50080m.com | www.088186.com | www.745568.com | www.08199.com | www.13976.com | www.75505a.com | www.hg345a.com | www.8866bygj.com | www.6dwj.com | www.65707t.com | www.003675.com | www.590801.com | www.56655.com | www.1556jg.com | www.88839q.com | www.62383m.com | www.wnsrdns.cc | www.22557.app | www.bb75188.com | www.c1396.com | www.3005.am | www.71233s.com | www.65707q.com | www.338051.com | www.693930.com | www.858564.com | www.182888.com | www.83356i.com | www.37570i.com | www.55917bb.com | www.1489h.com | www.sun5678.com | www.1227i.com | www.44c07.com | www.7868o.com | www.vip95877.com | www.99455f.com | www.qmfc1.com | www.530 | www.15010.cc | www.50024g.com | www.87668w.com | www.35918w.com | www.66652l.com | www.84499c.com | www.196509.com | www.370619.com | www.444201.com | www.569799.com | www.599649.com | www.607265.com | www.610829.com | www.624377.com | www.628846.com | www.599647.com | www.591017.com | www.548177.com | www.530995.com | www.401345.com | www.316411.com | www.196509.com | www.068625.com | www.76520q.com | www.43131w.com | www.96386f.com | www.77210f.com | www.41518q.com | www.5522o.cc | www.063wy.com | www.cf9909.com | www.3801iii.com | www.77075x.com | www.3050oo.com | www.5565182.com | www.e6806.com | www.1484f.com | www.zdj444.com | www.57155h.com | www.190356.com | www.222111b.com | www.13505.com | www.920564.com | www.586960.com | www.196073.com | www.50024l.com | www.16878f.com | www.5xce.com | www.4289z.com | www.999.5562bb.com | www.635602.com | www.3020111.com | www.31788g.com | www.0072337.com | www.66681.com | www.666405.com | www.108805.com | www.78949r.com | www.500yf.com | www.86333d.com | www.99993yh.com | www.3678ooo.com | www.399326.com | www.yd7892.com | www.976981.com | www.335324.com | www.88065f.com | www.20czj.com | www.zenghong1989.com | www.590396.com | www.zz.cc | www.8649977.com | www.989774.com | www.223335.com | www.50054n.com | www.tmm123456.com | www.dw8885.com | www.xlcp44.com | www.3978v.com | www.112654.com | www.188727.com | www.56579.cc | www.75878x.com | www.lb98.xyz | www.jing1444.com | www.833099.com | www.449879.com | www.50989f.com | www.883399g.com | www.p47479.com |