• <menu id="kiemg"><strong id="kiemg"></strong></menu>
  • <optgroup id="kiemg"></optgroup>
  • <nav id="kiemg"><code id="kiemg"></code></nav>
    <nav id="kiemg"><code id="kiemg"></code></nav>
    <xmp id="kiemg">
    <xmp id="kiemg"><nav id="kiemg"></nav>
  • <nav id="kiemg"><code id="kiemg"></code></nav>
    首頁>檢索頁>當前

    孩子沉迷網絡游戲怎么辦?

    發布時間:2019-07-11 作者:本報記者 楊詠梅 來源:中國教育報

    暑假開始,孩子們開始放松,很多父母卻開始發愁了,因為有一樣東西勾著孩子們的魂兒、揪著家長的心,這個東西就是手機,就是網絡游戲。家長提到孩子玩網絡游戲幾乎沒有不皺眉頭的,但在游戲設計者對玩家心理的精準把握面前,家長的監督和阻斷幾乎完全沒有抵抗力,收獲到的往往是無奈、無力和挫敗感。

    6月28日,中國教育報家庭公開課“今天,我們怎樣做父母”邀請兩位嘉賓做客直播間,一位是中國青少年研究中心少年兒童研究所所長孫宏艷,一位是高中時沉迷網絡差點輟學的“問題少年”、今天專門幫助沉迷游戲少年的“和潤萬青”青少年成長首席導師賈語凡。通過調查數據和真實經歷,兩位嘉賓解讀游戲沉迷的本質、破解“網絡游戲沉迷”的癥結,提出在家庭教育中實現與網絡游戲和解共贏的路徑。

        走出誤區:

        是合理需求,不是玩物喪志

    哪個年齡段是孩子接觸網絡游戲的高峰時期?類似“國家應盡快立法禁止16歲以下孩子使用智能手機”的建議可行嗎?孫宏艷引用中國青少年研究中心發布的《中小學生網絡游戲的認知、態度、行為研究報告》指出,76.3%的學生從小學就開始接觸網絡游戲,超過九成學生認為網絡游戲使業余時間更愉快,近七成認為網絡游戲帶來幸福生活的能量。“青少年觸網低齡化是不容回避的現實,這是網絡時代原住民成長環境的特點,用禁止的方式讓孩子完全脫離網絡游戲,顯然不可行。”

    網絡游戲是洪水猛獸嗎?家長對網絡游戲為何充滿負面感受?孫宏艷認為,根源就在于家長對兒童的游戲權缺乏認知,大多數家長不了解聯合國《兒童權利公約》,不知道“兒童享有休閑、娛樂和玩耍的權利”。所以調查顯示,給孩子推薦游戲的家長不到1%。“事實上,家長支持上網的家庭,孩子有網癮比例的達1.7%,不支持的反而達到9.9%,放任不管的達到11.7%。”可見,家長要改變自己對游戲的功利化態度。

    回憶起自己作為網絡少年時玩游戲的感受,賈語凡說:“特別爽!現實生活中,父母這也要干涉、那也要限制,在游戲中,我是真正的主人。”

    孫宏艷也指出,今天孩子們的虛擬社交和真實社交已悄然發生變化。“很多孩子會把網絡游戲作為跟同伴溝通的語言,組隊一塊上網玩,買裝備、比等級、打團戰等,通過游戲產生話題、交朋友。”

    “我當時最煩父母說兩句話,一句是‘你要是拿出玩游戲的勁頭學習就好了’,一句是‘你只要好好學習就行了,別的都不用管’。”賈語凡認為,太多父母都希望孩子的業余時間只用在讀書學習上,把游戲當成了學習的敵人,甚至有的父母把學習成績當作允許孩子玩游戲的籌碼,“不但不可能禁止孩子玩游戲,反而招致孩子反感”。

    孫宏艷曾做過中美日韓4國高中生的比較研究,發現中國孩子的學習時間最長、學習壓力最大,中國家長最不愛表揚孩子、孩子取得進步時最少露出笑臉。“網絡就像空氣一樣浸透到孩子生活的方方面面,做作業、同伴交往等都離不開網絡。玩游戲不是原罪,問題的關鍵是孩子的閑暇活動太單調、沒有時間玩、不會玩,所以才會把網絡當作玩具而不是工具。”

        廓清本質:

        滿足了孩子無法實現的價值需求

    哪些孩子容易沉迷網絡游戲?沉迷網絡游戲的本質是什么?有資深游戲設計者直言不諱,商業化的網絡游戲,設計目的就是為了讓玩家沉迷。游戲設計者比父母更懂得抓住青少年的內心需求,很多玩法和設計都源于生活,甚至比現實更清晰、更容易實現。這些現實和需求的缺失,給了孩子沉迷網絡最好的理由。

    中國青少年研究中心的調查顯示,4類家庭的孩子容易用網過度,即親子活動少的家庭、父母抗拒網絡的家庭、教育粗暴的家庭、父教缺位的家庭。孫宏艷分析說,這4類家庭的共性是采取了忽視型、專制型的教養模式,導致父母與孩子親密度降低,父母看不見孩子的需求,孩子又認為父母不理解自己,“父母越冷漠、越嚴控,越容易導致孩子沉迷網絡”。

    “游戲滿足了孩子內心深處最渴望的社交需求。”說起自己當初沉迷網絡的痛苦經歷,賈語凡說,父母經常吵架造成了自己的“逃離”心態,家庭如戰場,年幼的自己感受不到愛和親情,痛苦無處釋放,沒有動力、沒有目標。“結果就是逃到游戲中去,越沉迷越開心,在游戲中逃避現實的空虛。”

    孩子容易用網過度的,還有專制型家庭。孫宏艷指出,專制分兩種:一種是強調孩子都得聽我的,批評多過表揚;一種是給孩子提供各種離不開家長的條件,試圖讓孩子覺得離不開他。“這種控制越嚴,越讓孩子產生現實中的挫敗感,繼而轉投網絡世界去尋找自我的成長。”

    同齡人中哪些孩子基本不會沉迷網絡呢?賈語凡總結這些孩子的共同特點是:在現實生活中很自信,社交好,和父母的溝通也好,“當真實的社交樂趣遠遠大于網絡虛擬中的樂趣時,當孩子在現實生活中的價值需求被看到、被接納、被肯定、被滿足時,游戲的吸引力才會慢慢淡化,甚至被更有意義的事情取而代之”。

    作為專業的家庭教育工作者,現在賈語凡幫助孩子走出網絡沉迷的方法,就是引導家長在現實生活中改善親子關系、重建家庭的天倫之樂,“這是孩子自己主動從網絡世界走出來的最大動力”。

        破解有方:

        改善教養方式和有效監督相結合

    正如《中小學生網絡游戲的認知、態度、行為研究報告》的分析,中小學生對網絡游戲大多持積極的看法,這意味著成年人需要用一種接納的心態來看待網絡游戲。就像賈語凡的體驗,由于父母對網絡游戲認知的誤區,“即使讓我玩,他們的態度也讓我不舒服,結果我玩也沒玩好、時間也耽誤了”。

    中小學生一年大約有170天的閑暇時間,如何讓孩子的休閑生活有意義,讓他們課余時間玩得有意思、有意義,除了不功利化地安排孩子的休閑活動,孫宏艷還特別強調要處理好夫妻關系。“夫妻關系大于親子關系,直接影響親子關系。夫妻關系處不好,不僅在孩子玩網絡游戲的問題上,在任何家庭教育情境中都會力量互相抵消、互相抗衡。如果夫妻關系是可以協商的、和諧的,能共同營造互相關愛的家庭環境,孩子才會覺得生活在家庭里很溫暖,有什么問題就會主動跟家長說。”

    中國青少年研究中心的調查發現,盡管“父母對孩子的規定、監督、限制遠遠高于對孩子的支持,但學習好的學生在玩網絡游戲方面能獲得更多的支持”。對此,孫宏艷提醒說,家長不要把成績好壞當作保障孩子最基本娛樂權利的標準,“唯成績論并不能改善親子關系,不能把孩子和游戲隔開,主動去發現孩子興趣點并積極引導,才是更智慧的做法”。賈語凡坦言,自己走出游戲沉迷是因為家庭環境開始改變,父母不再只盯著成績而開始重視他的感受,讓他產生了對美好生活的追求,“這是最重要的轉折點”。

    豐富多彩的家庭親子活動有利于建立良好親子關系。孫宏艷認為,平時的閱讀、運動,閑暇時去電影院、博物館游玩或者去餐廳享受美食,在家里一起打掃衛生、做頓飯,節假日一起外出旅游……這些經歷都能帶給孩子愉悅感、美感、成就感、冒險感和刺激感,“孩子在現實中得到真切的滿足后,就不會去尋找網絡上那種虛擬的快樂了”。

    暑假里也許有很多孩子獨自在家,12歲以下的孩子單獨待在可以隨意上網的環境有什么風險?賈語凡表示,未成年人的三觀還在形成中,很容易受到網上不良信息的影響,“父母就好像孩子的免疫系統,免疫系統如果遭到破壞,危害就會侵入,最終造成破壞”。孫宏艷強調說,暑假是孩子陷入網癮的高危時段,家長要提前安排好豐富的暑假生活,或者給孩子找幾個玩伴,或者四老家換一下生活環境,尤其不要把孩子關在家里。

    接觸電子產品既然不可避免,兩位嘉賓建議家長要給孩子從小就養成好習慣,每天可以玩多長時間,什么條件可以玩,一開始就要從起點上給孩子立好規矩,幫助孩子培養拿得起、放得下的自律意識。

    《中國教育報》2019年07月11日第7版 

    0 0 0 0
    分享到:0

    相關閱讀

    最新發布
    熱門標簽
    點擊排行
    熱點推薦

    工信部備案號:京ICP備05071141號

    互聯網新聞信息服務許可證 10120170024

    中國教育新聞網版權所有,未經書面授權禁止下載使用

    Copyright@2000-2019 www.qqyui.com All Rights Reserved.

    京公網安備 11010802025840號

    599彩票599彩票平台599彩票主页599彩票网站599彩票官网599彩票娱乐599彩票开户599彩票注册599彩票是真的吗599彩票登入599彩票快三599彩票时时彩599彩票手机app下载599彩票开奖 www.emy9362.com | www.59199s.com | www.88837f.com | www.732779.com | www.akw4.com | www.1389ss.com | www.332677.com | www.2247c.com | www.190596.com | www.kkkk0134.com | www.9896789.com | www.ya939.com | www.87668j.com | www.jyh3788.com | www.80800t.com | www.166555.net | www.55djcp.com | www.444xm.cc | www.4515005.com | www.sha0333.com | www.303865.com | www.33115357.com | www.6895860.com | www.9409.com | www.99677z.com | www.long8562.com | www.41518d.com | www.qin618.com | www.e57365.net | www.362803.com | www.5799.cc | www.4288n.com | www.645977.com | www.202115.com | www.6966o.com | www.ff9000.com | www.074wy.com | www.ab6660.com | www.111222yh.com | www.399878.com | www.11223o.com | www.yh0797.com | www.1786977.com | www.26878f.com | www.870585.com | www.88850ll.com | www.716997.com | www.1770d.com | www.429999d.com | www.78700h.com | www.7454gg.com | www.40991.com | www.34788o.com | www.23111q.com | www.139.com | www.5555y.cc | www.f6651.com | www.640638.com | www.cccc0087.com | www.28891p.com | www.07163b.com | www.0138899.com | www.325477.com | www.97799h.com | www.aaa333.com | www.997723k.com | www.0761177.com | www.66332n.com | www.365586.com | www.50732w.com | www.11189v.com | www.550423.com | www.06866666.com | www.rcw789.com | www.yhjt388.com | www.654455.com | www.cb3788.com | www.231380.com | www.3890h.com | www.30007t.com | www.600hc.com | www.0607288.com | www.xinyc8.com | www.hy5003.com | www.985175.com | www.540061.com | www.kv1888.com | www.yhjt388.com | www.bizhong55.com | www.2078s.com | www.501340.com | www.feicai0393.com | www.914903.com | www.2222cyh.com | www.64224.com | www.4zai.com | www.83033p.com | www.vip7710.com | www.591799.com | www.8777s.com | www.022197.com | www.dzj3355.com | www.92967a.com | www.4923b.com | www.5854p.cc | www.40676.com | www.15730381986.com | www.123123.com | www.170882.com | www.hy5501.com | www.2371l.com | www.hg30777.com | www.2118.cc | www.jing1666.com | www.1397666.com | www.959581.com | www.7276559.com | www.606674.com | www.test222.com | www.51331b.com | www.7508u.com | www.36161005.com | www.607256.com | www.226600g.com | www.ycp4.com | www.490780.com | www.55917ll.com | www.1368b.cc | www.330732.com | www.test222.com | www.091wy.com | www.0327n1.com | www.xh8037.com | www.394311.com | www.9830jj.com | www.3245a.com | www.310615.com | www.g36531.com | www.7008196.com | www.83993j.com | www.ag.3036655.com | www.7860vv.com | www.77210a.com | www.11223d.com | www.18077243534.com | www.77801w.com | www.vn83333.com | www.hg2997.com | www.86267l.com | www.0207451.com | www.lehu596.com | www.43131u.com | www.hy947.com | www.m47479.com | www.jx68.com | www.50024y.com | www.349000.com | www.00555yh.com | www.0098702.com | www.61655z.com | www.9600333.com | www.lehu889.com | www.885599n.com | www.55228j.com | www.111122223333.com | www.9456966.com | www.847980.com | www.50026y.com | www.629012.com | www.964366.com | www.pj6198.com | www.8816x.com | www.555450.com | www.b33958.com | www.1937647470.com | www.50052h.com | www.506969.com | www.sjg001.com | www.x3285.net | www.290038.com | www.27731cc.com | www.9411mm.cc | www.0239w.com | www.50989k.com | www.303476.com | www.kj993.com | www.63290j.com | www.0096jj.com | www.51331b.com | www.309939.com | www.55899.com | www.baobo66.com | www.6666258.com | www.l33ff.com | www.30019mm.com | www.081wy.com | www.26163g.com | www.915366.com | www.766044.com | www.38390n.com | www.js6090.com | www.155114.com | www.b66000.com | www.8667u.com | www.61655z.com | www.58gc8.com | www.917233.com | www.58574a.com | www.27363u.com | www.www68666d.com | www.77207720.com | www.56855t.com | www.f048f.com | www.7860uu.com | www.hc5859.com | www.61411.cc | www.33598r.com | www.87668f.com | www.429689.com | www.893010.com | www.153270.com | www.253502.com | www.s2296.com | www.563026.com | www.1823ggg.com | www.99029l.com | www.slyl2.com | www.00840h.com | www.33112a.com | www.89338k.com | www.202337.com | www.763117.com | www.668026.com | www.3379.com | www.82499.com | www.xz1008.com | www.224424.com | www.511456.com | www.www.232929.com | www.59677a.com | www.8058.ca | www.hy954.com | www.490msfl312299.com | www.svip0000.com | www.655225.com | www.4455338.com | www.86649.com | www.533522.com | www.961205.com | www.719113.com | www.499428.com | www.fh7557.com | www.83033h.com | www.50052r.com | www.60108g.com | www.9149o.com | www.500yf.com | www.hw8222.com | www.99455r.com | www.8448103.com | www.21819p.com | www.981138.com | www.8666r.com | www.3t838.com | www.yonghui4.com | www.1869o.com | www.hga8686.com | www.022221.net | www.tk888.com | www.630367.com | www.178775.com | www.36166c.com | www.3668m.com | www.2233997.com | www.feicai0373.com | www.38345f.com | www.685608.com | www.58888.tv | www.775704.com | www.88266m.com | www.9356n.com | www.883399d.com | www.1880018.com | www.ys9996.com | www.3978w.com | www.yfc333.net | www.858399.com | www.108013.com | www.68682n.com | www.00840d.com | www.qilc2.com | www.js84898.com | www.a24555.com | www.3775776.com | www.205122.com | www.404977.com | www.73166h.com | www.696869.com | www.1366001.com | www.ylzz2.cc | www.222245.com | www.160913.com | www.6769b.com | www.57138.ag | www.p1982.com | www.7712.com | www.106295.com | www.878zf.com | www.35252u.com | www.yh1269.com | www.31113.com | www.332950.com | www.7116c.com | www.8414z.com | www.88850w.com | www.13916.com | www.50064m.com | www.366sb.24.sb | www.tyccp95.com | www.ctxcp85.com | www.332069.com | www.9889hc.com | www.tycvip.vip | www.67877l.com | www.jjjj.com | www.77114d.com | www.1389bb.com | www.5593x.com | www.921977.com | www.66376b.com | www.yule0001.com | www.03641.net | www.526052.com | www.095wy.com | www.8466444.com | www.ks3336.com | www.66653k.com | www.1123aa.com | www.62388y.com | www.705059.com | www.005ac.com | www.r47479.com | www.rao22.com | www.50064p.com | www.4237e.com | www.390ms450024.com | www.401268.com | www.6769a1.com | www.ylam02.com | www.627029.com | www.ya088.com | www.41469.com | www.cp888999.com | www.50788p.com | www.i2665.com | www.2007.so | www.60007r.com | www.m65422.com | www.0584.com | www.88kcw.com | www.ybyl11.com | www.627791.com | www.san0105.com | www.65609m.com | www.344680.com | www.jinsha754.com | www.28891p.com | www.83993y.com | www.1516rr.com | www.88sjkj.com | www.07163z.com | www.499189.com | www.602917.com | www.pj608608.com | www.73609g.com | www.32123r.com | www.longfa321.com | www.985579.com | www.c528.vip | www.77288f.com | www.34788v.com | www.pjcp678.com | www.62388u.com | www.le33.cc | www.3242188143.com | www.2371w.com | www.61655f.com | www.le888n.com | www.153000.com | www.78wcp.com | www.3522-10.com | www.00840y.com | www.80800r.com | www.316106.com | www.i34348.com | www.1997.com | www.18728727720.com | www.hg9916.com | www.fyyy9.com | www.amwl22.com | www.26878w.com | www.288966.com | www.129985.com | www.lehu7388.com | www.500109.com | www.565522c.com | www.665773.com | www.xpj70043.com | www.876312.com | www.13508288875.com | www.02222.app | www.7138t.cc | www.458246.com | www.8124m.com | www.030234.com | www.mgdc69.com | www.56655.com | www.tian19890430.com | www.974088.com | www.11333666.com | www.656650.com | www.hj9066.com | www.386918.com | www.long573.com | www.178192.com | www.tz609.com | www.97655j.com | www.593147.com | www.96386l.com | www.63290p.com | www.tj92.com | www.433338.com | www.am748.com | www.766898.com | www.99cp163.com | www.040439.com | www.33678vv.com | www.025738.com | www.w621111.com | www.9478f.com | www.xh75555.com | www.4048l.com | www.708270.com | www.23699r.com | www.50064y.com | www.4863u.com | www.4444y.cc | www.14799.com | www.app6602.com | www.249770.com | www.j1503.com | www.23040.com | www.84556.com | www.zbdl66.com | www.7508o.com | www.590791.com | www.vni555.com | www.50732w.com | www.svip0000.com | www.4443065.com | www.202115.com | www.61652.com | www.9889hc.com | www.67776777.com | www.87576002.com | www.50052m.com | www.69949.com | www.hg156.buzz | www.36788b.com | www.cplm11.com | www.p889988.com | www.88266j.com | www.990060022.com | www.855168w.com | www.366746.com | www.a25856.com | www.7605u.com | www.376395.com | www.62388j.com | www.y186w.com | www.361550.com | www.vnsr104.vip | www.ss75188.com | www.540377.com | www.5593u.com | www.4289o.com | www.217380.com | www.hg008800.com | www.80868e.com | www.78949w.com | www.77887.com | www.csj200.com | www.50788p.com | www.885116.com | www.19019e.com | www.708565.com | www.807683.com | www.6992gg.com | www.yclucl123456.com | www.50024l.com | www.72761652.com | www.caipiao33m.com | www.068657.com | www.245502.com | www.hg156.co | www.3478h.cc | www.b201.com | www.99830j.com | www.619663155.com | www.607263.com | www.77288o.com | www.004769.com | www.85wcp.com | www.289917.com | www.2929u.com | www.pj00003333.com | www.883399d.com | www.07163x.com | www.938849.com | www.588952.com | www.js50678.com | www.66ffk.com | www.99968z.com | www.0347d.com | www.vn888456.cc | www.313703.com | www.13600.com | www.96387.com | www.585116.com | www.86087b.com | www.yh1771.com | www.jinsha048.com | www.68568c.com | www.570133.com | www.115527f.com | www.421880.com | www.883399g.com | www.49956h.com | www.306922.com | www.000443.com | www.01885w.com | www.12741r.com | www.13983596866.com | www.64422.cc | www.88065d.com | www.819847.com | www.62772200.com | www.11223f.com | www.877680.com | www.38200r.com | www.igcp6.com | www.83033t.com | www.652392.com | www.r988888.com | www.6120aa.com | www.q70717.com | www.33880f.com | www.521402.com | www.7793d.com | www.80075q.com | www.776511.com | www.2929l.com | www.0003n.com | www.1813h.com | www.n55474n.com | www.3050cc.com | www.kkkk0136.com | www.1248h.cc | www.50051a.com | www.202115.com | www.566668.com | www.959209.com | www.773458.com | www.132111.com | www.59199k.com | www.13201b.com | www.7345j.com | www.38345v.com | www.hgw3567.com | www.lo566.com | www.vip95822.com | www.80850e.com | www.513.vip | www.103ak.com | www.35885.cc | www.33112n.com | www.95222w.com | www.50989f.com | www.281877.com | www.97655o.com | www.193987.com | www.343577.com | www.444602.com | www.550194.com | www.572899.com | www.599141.com | www.98528f.com | www.662182.com | www.652251.com | www.602985.com | www.550347.com | www.451117.com | www.339967.com | www.226105.com | www.128368.com | www.043552.com | www.68568v.com | www.35155i.com | www.84499j.com | www.96386z.com | www.35155w.com | www.8667t.com | www.9889hc.com | www.qmfc1.com | www.2355uu.com | www.2534239564.com | www.h7249.com | www.zb5777.com | www.long8663.com | www.6939g.com | www.88850w15.com | www.9830jj.com | www.66413.com | www.6675.com | www.737298.com | www.98528f.com | www.50026u.com | www.26163j.com | www.65yb.com | www.1823vvv.com | www.yh99987.com | www.lfa616.com | www.7345p.com | www.x22200.com | www.66225144.com | www.6449.com | www.526733.com | www.77210e.com | www.66201.cc | www.7605r.com | www.348shanghai.com | www.long8286.com | www.vn11vv.com | www.387388.com | www.987443.com | www.276081.com | www.83033d.com | www.hx6666.com | www.4237j.com | www.y52266.com | www.15053311.com | www.66991.com | www.326366.com | www.50080n.com | www.90622999.com | www.lzyq28.com | www.ab7111.com | www.37211111.com | www.524880.com | www.80075l.com | www.2200yy.com | www.7288088.com | www.33078222.com | www.n88.cc | www.151706.com | www.5095a.com | www.1183899.com | www.xh10086.com | www.41186363.com | www.722563.com | www.91233s.com | www.055738.com | www.long050.com | www.7508i.com | www.816464.com | www.36788r.com | www.9106888.com | www.long8503.com | www.cpsj10.com | www.750966.com | www.68568n.com | www.33cyh.com | www.yblj3088.com | www.84923.com | www.151880.com | www.4tdc.com | www.long8345.com | www.8473d.com | www.526031.com | www.3478h.cc | www.ks6690.net | www.2041kk.com | www.594611.com | www.2934u.com | www.hy9003.com | www.9298685.com | www.540707.com | www.m.55xj.vip | www.long8367.com | www.990.com | www.bxcp3.com | www.2535aa.com | www.bb888855.com | www.910883.com | www.35155f.com | www.m773776.com | www.5309.cc | www.297790.com | www.c6465.com | www.xpj75888.com | www.44810.com | www.50732y.com | www.j9001q.com | www.566077.com | www.040451.com | www.8520b.com | www.61322233.com | www.392477.com | www.c229.vip | www.jinshabb.com | www.701541.com | www.060wy.com | www.0290c.com | www.932312.com | www.3416u.com | www.sun0365.com | www.xcw866.com | www.3478v.cc | www.99830222.com | www.817474.com | www.ya278.com | www.js89j.vip | www.596709.com | www.97955f.com | www.336528.com | www.252359.com | www.hd9099.com | www.hf06.net | www.87668q.com | www.long8663.com | www.550438.com | www.1035v.com | www.yl13560.com | www.558610.com | www.540065.com | www.99929j.com | www.71399o.com | www.83766d.com | www.16797.com | www.tj92.com | www.65609f.com | www.xinyc8.com | www.dzj515.com | www.81708.com | www.588yc.com | www.7920a.com | www.178752.com | www.675347.com | www.234600.com | www.ya150.com | www.98777t.com | www.53911a.com | www.pj11221.com | www.791361.com | www.1593y.com | www.27111.com | www.7782d.com | www.4880k.com | www.83993z.com | www.261910.com | www.lcw997.com | www.84898x.com | www.86649.com | www.630699.com | www.5165999.com | www.8499i.com | www.62388s.com | www.41518h.com | www.252599k.com | www.296180.com | www.ky084.com | www.606930.com | www.35252r.com | www.959552.com | www.18290307155.com | www.7755.com | www.sbd0011.net | www.766044.com | www.w796.com | www.26616d.com | www.bxcp3.com | www.65858z.com | www.022tw.cc | www.2371s.com | www.tj92.com | www.1495l6.com | www.bxcp3.com | www.cccppp99.com | www.mcw7.com | www.ks2224.com | www.9962002.com | www.y44.com | www.1494555.com | www.66633.com | www.8414y.com | www.638466.com | www.1227w.com | www.286898.com | www.091365.com | www.60007v.com | www.4880t.com | www.39500b.com | www.63290p.com | www.068wy.com | www.91ms6683122g.com | www.dam666.com | www.p88.cc | www.954321d.com | www.607599.com | www.pj11229.com | www.78700a.com | www.c57365.net | www.cll168.com | www.33741.com | www.1593ff.com | www.838552.com | www.lehu585.com | www.87668x.com | www.55917ii.com | www.122by.com | www.39458.com | www.2jsfff.com | www.234397.com | www.8688yd.com | www.5522m.cc | www.53460.com | www.q34348.com | www.150961.com | www.w624444.com | www.tj92.com | www.59118.app | www.cq708.com | www.50732y.com | www.ak8588.com | www.8473v.com | www.560629.com | www.1434l.com | www.9149q.com | www.www-848484.com | www.22557s.com | www.66332u.com | www.86087v.com | www.37377t.com | www.335248.com | www.65609v.com | www.59590f.com | www.567610.com | www.toucai66.com | www.c1350.com | www.689044.com | www.zdj41.com | www.tlcp3.com | www.717224.com | www.902425.com | www.hy6934.com | www.589196.com | www.w624444.com | www.86811bb.com | www.361979.com | www.883608.com | www.hg883888.com | www.209713.com | www.47922b.com | www.17515209324.com | www.99677z.com | www.95011d.com | www.h88979.com | www.61655c.com | www.35225.com | www.041234t.com | www.5xag.com | www.534680.com | www.3018ddd.com | www.6465r.com | www.33112l.com | www.4737.com | www.911000v.com | www.hm5577.com | www.338057.com | www.x-p-j-9-8.zb6288.com | www.19193939.com | www.66332x.com | www.336766.com | www.88899pp.com | www.21819b.com | www.50732l.com | www.773353.com | www.xpj3399d.com | www.8181xpj.com | www.009275.com | www.ca8055.com | www.9456922.com | www.bd2019a.com | www.81233s.com | www.9422.com | www.yl13556.com | www.tlc5800.com | www.99677k.com | www.935506.com | www.163888tt.com | www.fc-vip3.com | www.3478n.cc | www.312102.com | www.jing6662.com | www.1489m.com | www.18786256677.com | www.65707s.com | www.690477.com | www.642223.com | www.elc9999.com | www.99029l.com | www.281877.com | www.693930.com | www.202345.com | www.80078q.com | www.15827099787.com | www.26163h.com | www.407873.com | www.099159.com | www.88850w37.com | www.vv9611.com | www.hr6888.com | www.26163h.com | www.609812.com | www.32368.com | www.abdwc33.com | www.n144144.com | www.ck5589.com | www.07163w.com | www.547377.com | www.0000482.com | www.09129.app | www.4515003.com | www.15772511633.com | www.9818x.cc | www.001562.com | www.802533.com | www.62775533.com | www.11223k.com | www.31121d.com | www.15934393943.com | www.664by.com | www.51515i.com | www.589411.com | www.38084a.com | www.2041oo.com | www.7172.us | www.long8393.com | www.jc187888.com | www.318548.com | www.55587.com | www.73166a.com | www.513061.com | www.119838.com | www.hjc1102.com | www.0138890.com | www.1489s.com | www.long029.com | www.0096uu.com | www.df92223.com | www.669by.com | www.71399k.com | www.036874.com | www.540577.com | www.899427.com | www.81708.com | www.50387.com | www.p14333.com | www.88850y.com | www.80078v.com | www.pj10088.com | www.zb968.com | www.b7249.com | www.540851.com | www.hm7388.com | www.622by.com | www.21202d.com | www.15355hh.com | www.81520a.com | www.150883.com | www.370837.com | www.wcp777888.com | www.773577.com | www.901173.com | www.203171.com | www.520568.com | www.26278a.com | www.49511a.com | www.25777.cc | www.999400.com | www.6198.cc | www.9830kk.com | www.678msc.com | www.rd3355.com | www.1667.com | www.9065.com | www.47118.com | www.082066.com | www.966.com | www.49511.com | www.rcw8844.com | www.979233.com | www.927793.com | www.901180.com | www.701546.com | www.588980.com | www.422689.com | www.202406.com | www.81520s.com | www.53900o.com | www.81520x.com | www.32123b.com | www.5086m.com | www.982jc.com | www.flff6.com | www.kkkk0133.com | www.79665a.com | www.p888520.com | www.565522w.com | www.sqf118.com | www.9456955.com | www.88850xx.com | www.39919p.com | www.bxj7777.com | www.kk6767.com | www.996732.com | www.611874.com | www.235944.com | www.41518y.com | www.8816n.com | www.318548.com | www.7380gg.com | www.18559l.com | www.84686d.com | www.pj888n.com | www.15053366.com | www.115527f.com | www.939287.com | www.500871.com | www.61655u.com | www.7782c.com | www.715868.com | www.3843808.com | www.r47479.com | www.5593j.com | www.7033d.com | www.54968f.com | www.339713.com | www.80075h.com | www.hczx2.com | www.amjs666.net | www.299819.com | www.5593o.com | www.78ms3122u.com | www.870300.com | www.097067.com | www.12455f.com | www.b66000.com | www.hg19958.com | www.902425.com | www.477874.com | www.876747.com | www.81678d.com | www.3333y.cc | www.15077320442.com | www.b47479.com | www.13978.com | www.789199a.com | www.96386o.com | www.8000hc.com |