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    金字塔下傳文化

    發布時間:2019-07-25 作者:馬曉真 來源:中國教育新聞網-《神州學人》雜志

    “全世界都在學中國話,孔夫子的話,越來越國際化。”這首名為《中國話》的流行歌曲,曾經傳遍大街小巷,幾乎每個人都會哼唱幾句。全球漢語熱的流行,早就初現端倪,但是誰能想到,埃及人民也操著濃重的鼻音開始學習中文了。

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    在埃及,漢語熱在導游和汗哈利利市場(全中東最大的手工品市場)的小販們身上體現得最為明顯,這些商業嗅覺靈敏的生意人,明顯感到來埃及的中國人越來越多了,以前走在汗哈利利市場,小販們都會用英語和你套近乎、兜售商品。如今,大多數小販都學會了用中文打招呼:“你好,哥們兒,過來看看。”“我的東西真的很便宜。”要不是濃重的鼻音出賣了他們,簡直讓人恍惚以為在中國呢。

    在霍爾格達,導游穆罕默德能說一口流利的英語和俄語,但是眼下歐美和俄羅斯的游客銳減,而中國游客激增,穆罕默德總是向我打聽哪里可以學中文,有沒有什么好教材,問我中文有多少個字母,還讓我用中文寫一遍他的名字,看到我寫出他的名字,他一遍遍搖頭,作不可思議狀。嘖嘖稱嘆中文實在太神奇了,用他的話說,就是具有雕塑般的美感。

    在埃及,學中文不僅是埃及人感興趣的熱門話題,對在埃及的華人華僑來說,子女的中文教育也是他們的燃眉之急。有的家長自己組織了漢語學習班,但因沒有合格的師資,效果不盡人意。

    正當家長們一籌莫展之際,2018年5月,埃及中國學生學者聯合會的“漢語課堂”應運而生,解決了埃及華人華僑子女學習漢語的老大難問題。優質的師資、高效的教育模式、經典的授課材料,這一切,都為小朋友們學習正確的漢語奠定了基礎,讓他們與自己的母語建立起強有力的紐帶。

    甫一開始,學聯漢語課堂的目的和面向的人群都非常清晰。漢語課堂最開始的招生通知中寫道,漢語課堂面向5-16歲的旅埃學人子女,目的是為了教會這些祖國的花朵熟練使用母語,了解中國的傳統與文化,保持與祖國的緊密聯系,拓展未來發展機會,接受正規漢語教育,以及系統學習中國文化知識。

    漢語課堂的一大優勢在于專業。這里的老師均由國內有資質、有經驗的老師擔任。在一堂針對低年級的漢語課上,老師先放了一段漢語兒歌,然后教現場的小孩子一起唱,在現場氛圍的感染下,很多家長發現,原本內向的孩子,也愿意張大嘴巴發聲了。之后老師反復講解拼音,由于年齡的關系,大一點的孩子很快就懂了,但是小一點的孩子還處于懵懂狀態,老師不厭其煩,一遍遍地提問、重復,直到下課。

    一下課,老師便不再占用孩子們解放天性的時間。小孩子像一群快樂的天堂鳥,一下子嘩啦啦地散開來,在教室里跑來跑去。一周7天,5天的時間這些孩子都和埃及的小朋友玩在一起、學在一起。只有周末兩天的漢語課堂,他們才有機會在純漢語的環境中和自己的同胞一起玩耍、學習。這種浸入式的學習模式,潛移默化地在孩子們的語言系統中加入了他們的母語——中文。

    擺熙睿小朋友的學習歷程,可以說是學聯漢語課堂的一個縮影。

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    一年級大班的擺熙睿是班里最小的孩子,剛開始家長擔心他無法跟上其他孩子,但最終仍然決定把他送去漢語課堂,因為之前發生的一件事深深刺痛了擺熙睿媽媽的心。之前他們把孩子送到埃及的幼兒園,孩子很快跟著埃及老師學會了唱埃及國歌。想到自己的孩子還沒學會唱自己祖國的國歌,倒先學會了埃及國歌,媽媽心里一陣說不出的難受。

    好在漢語課堂的教學里,國歌是其中一項內容。某一天放學,擺熙睿唱起了國歌,“起來,不愿做奴隸的人們……”擺熙睿的父母心中油然而生一種感動,還夾雜著無可名狀的自豪感。

    經過32周的學習,擺熙睿已經認識了上百個漢字,但是漢語書寫還不是很熟練。作為班里最小的孩子,擺熙睿在最近一次考試中獲得了全班第一,擺熙睿的父母再也不用擔心他無法跟上其他孩子了。這一切,離不開漢語課堂老師的悉心指導,更離不開漢語課堂成熟的授課模式。

    更多像擺熙睿一樣的孩子,在學聯漢語課堂接受了來之不易的漢語啟蒙。這里是他們在異國他鄉與自己文化短暫又甜蜜的相擁時刻。除了漢語,他們也收獲了老師的關愛,以及無可替代的同學情。

    雖然學聯的漢語課堂已經有口皆碑,小獲成功。但是漢語課堂的負責人擺克成并不滿足于現狀,他想讓這個課堂更上一層樓,讓更多人受益。在多方的協商與溝通下,漢語課堂得到了中國駐埃及使館教育處和開羅大學孔子學院(以下簡稱“開大孔院”)的鼎力支持,2019年1月10日,學聯正式與開大孔院簽約,雙方掀開了合作辦學的新篇章。

    開羅大學是全埃及乃至整個阿拉伯世界首屈一指的大學,開羅大學的孔子學院,則是埃及乃至整個非洲第一所孔子學院。開大孔院具有雄厚的師資力量,也是埃及人學習漢語、了解中國文化的一扇窗口。隨著合作的展開,學聯漢語課堂的教學內容也進行了升級,不僅講授國內的九年義務教育指定教科書,而且還輔以國學、中華武術、廣播體操等。

    p27-2.jpg

    開大孔院中方院長王恩界教授在簽約儀式上表示,開大孔院與埃及中國學生學者聯合會通過友好合作、資源共享,將共同推進埃及幼兒及青少年漢語教學事業,希望未來不僅能夠為華人華僑及留學生子女提供與國內接軌的語文教學,更要努力為埃及幼兒提供最好的第二語言學習興趣班,相信此次合作將成為埃及漢語教學事業的又一個里程碑。

    2019年3月23日,開大孔院迎來第一次中小學生漢語水平考試(簡稱YCT考試),這也是埃及首次舉辦YCT考試。本次考試在新開羅小學、學聯漢語課堂、開大孔院本部同時進行,來自新開羅小學、學聯漢語課堂,以及中埃友好示范學校的77名考生參加了此次考試。

    學聯漢語課堂的學生在這場考試中取得了不錯的成績,通過率達100%。這樣的成績來之不易,凝聚了多方心血。因為無論對家長、老師、負責人還是孩子們來說,他們作為第一個吃螃蟹的人,面臨著未知的試錯成本,但是在各方的努力下,他們就像發射的火箭,一飛沖天了。

    2019年5月4日,開大孔院與埃及中國學生學者聯合會共同舉辦了學聯漢語課堂2018-2019年結業典禮,學生們通過精彩的匯報演出,向新中國成立70周年獻禮。

    篳路藍縷,以啟山林。學聯漢語課堂的成立與發展,雖說不上經歷了風風雨雨,但也經歷了從無到有,實現了零的突破。這看似微不足道的一小步,對于幾十名華人華僑子女來說,卻是他們人生的一大步,他們從這里啟航,踏上了漢語學習的征程,在回歸母語的道路上,他們最終會在自己的文化里尋到自己的根,而這,將會成為他們人生的一根杠桿,撬動一個精彩的未來。

    這些稚嫩的孩子,現在還是祖國的花朵,但總有一天,他們會成長為參天大樹,為祖國的建設添磚加瓦。埃及和中國都是文明古國,在埃及學習漢語的他們,請一定不要辜負眾望,未來成為中埃合作交流的使者,為中埃合作寫下濃墨重彩的燦爛華章。(供稿|埃及中國學生學者聯合會)

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